stillbirth. The medical definition of a stillbirth is the birth of a baby who is born without any signs of life. It also happens after 24 weeks of pregnancy . Before this date a baby that died in utero or died shortly after is classed as a miscarriage here in the UK. The baby may have died during pregnancy (called intrauterine death), labour or birth. Stillbirth is uncommon.
To begin with when a baby dies before delivery, many people commonly think of miscarriage. Both stillbirth and miscarriage are types of pregnancy loss, but they differ by when the loss occurs.
Whenever parents deal with the death of their baby, whether it be early in pregnancy, late in pregnancy, or sometime after birth. Next there can be a great sense of disappointment, loss, and suffering when a family lose a child.
Stillbirth and miscarriage are separately defined not because one or the other is an easier or more difficult loss with which to deal with . its because they differ in many ways. Stillbirth and miscarriage have different causes. need different evaluations, and differ medically and in the ways that parents and families can best be helped.
A Stillbirth may affect any pregnant woman. There is no way to predict when stillbirth will happen or who will experience it. A Stillbirth occurs in families of all races, religions, and income levels.
Each year in the UK 1 in 258 births results in a stillbirth. that’s 15 babies a die due to a stillbirth. In the United States about 25,000 babies, or 68 babies every day, are born still. This is about 1 stillbirth in every 115 births. Most often a stillbirth is detected while the baby is in the mother’s uterus, sometimes not until labor is underway.
What are the causes of stillbirth in pregnancy?
While the cause of around 30% of stillbirths is unknown, there are some conditions that can lead to a baby being born sleeping.
Problems with the placenta, which nourishes your baby throughout your pregnancy. In this case can lead to a stillbirth in about two-thirds of cases.
In a placental abruption, the placenta separates too soon from the uterine wall. However, we do know of some factors that may lead to stillbirth:
A problem with the umbilical cord, which attaches the placenta to the baby’s tummy button. This could cause the cord to slip down through the entrance of the womb before the baby is born (cord prolapse), or become wrapped around the baby and knotted.
subsequently Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) or obstetric cholestasis – a liver disorder during pregnancy characterized by severe itching.
Pre-eclampsia – a condition that causes high blood pressure in the mother.
Environmental factors – such as exposure to pesticides or carbon monoxide. A problem with the way the baby is delivered. A baby’s shoulders may get stuck as he leaves the birth canal (shoulder dystocia), severely reducing oxygen flow to baby. This is an emergency during delivery.
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) – this means that the baby grows too slowly, putting the baby at risk of dying from lack of nutrition.
Infections in the mother that also infects the baby – this could be: rubella, the flu, group B streptococcus, herpes, chlamydia, Lyme disease, Klebsiella, Enterococcus, Haemophilus influenza, and mycoplasma or Ureaplasma. According to the NHS, around one in 10 stillbirths are caused by an infection.
miscarriage stillbirth ectopic pregnancy terminology what does it all mean
some of the terminology associated with a baby’s death.can be rather confusing either in the womb whilst mum- to- be is pregnant of after delivery. here are some of words and what they refer to…
Abortion: the deliberate termination of pregnancy by the killing of the growing baby. how by pills before 9 weeks of pregnancy . Next 5 to 13 weeks pregnancy surgically removing of the baby in the womb by dilation and suction use. abortion at 13-24 weeks is done by removing limbs one by one and crushing skull. in this mid term abortion using a sopher clamp to reassemble body parts after to make sure none are left behind. Abortion at 25 – 26 weeks how is it done ? a needle Injected directly into baby’s heart in large doses. to kill baby before mother goes in labour.few days later mother will go into labour at hospital or home to delivery her baby born dead .
Miscarriage: early baby loss An unsuccessful outcome before the growing baby is able to survive independently outside the womb. happens either spontaneously or as the result of accident.
Stillbirth: the delivery of baby that had passed 24 weeks into pregnancy but passed away in the womb or during birth.
Stillborn: the baby that has been born dead.
Fetal demise:no heart beat,often detected during a scan can reveal a fetal loss, when a growing baby in the early -middle stages of pregnancy has died in the womb.
Pregnancy loss:the woman is no longer pregnant because the baby had died in the womb.
Ectopic pregnancy ectopic pregnancies are not usually very rare effecting in every 100 pregnancies they are dangerous for the mother, since internal bleeding is a life-threatening complication. the growing early embryo implants itself in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus wall lining.